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Home / Ross County / 3-71 Site of Ohio's First Statehouse [12]

  • 3-71 marker 3-71 marker
  • 3-71 ross co ch 3-71 ross co ch
  • 3-71 stone from 1st capitol in the Ross Co C.H. 3-71 stone from 1st capitol in the Ross Co C.H.
  • 3-71 A LADY READING THE MARKER. 3-71 A LADY READING THE MARKER.
  • 3-71 THE MARKER 3-71 THE MARKER
  • 3-71 THE MARKER IS AT THE LEFT OF THE PRESENT COURT HOUSE 3-71 THE MARKER IS AT THE LEFT OF THE PRESENT COURT HOUSE
  • 3-71 THE PRESENT COURT HOUSE IS BEING CLEANED. 3-71 THE PRESENT COURT HOUSE IS BEING CLEANED.
  • 3-71 Ohio's First Capital at Chillicothe 3-71 Ohio's First Capital at Chillicothe
  • 3-71 Chillicothe Statehouse 3-71 Chillicothe Statehouse
  • 3-71 Replica of First Statehouse, Chillocothe 3-71 Replica of First Statehouse, Chillocothe
  • 3-71 Ohio's First Statehouse Marker on Statehood Day, March 1, 2003 3-71 Ohio's First Statehouse Marker on Statehood Day, March 1, 2003
  • 3-71 Site of Ohio's First Statehouse 3-71 Site of Ohio's First Statehouse
Title, side A
Site of Ohio's First Statehouse
Text, side A
Ross County's first courthouse was Ohio's first statehouse. The courthouse was erected on the Public Square in 1801. Thomas Worthington, one of the building's superintendents, laid out the foundation. Chillicothe was the last capital of the Northwest Territory, and the final session of the territorial legislature met in the courthouse in 1801. Ohio's first constitution was written here in 1802. On March 1, 1803, Ohio's first General Assembly convened in the building, making it the statehouse. During a time of strained relations between Native Americans and settlers in Ohio, the great Shawnee leader Tecumseh delivered a speech here in 1807 to reassure citizens that the Indians would remain peaceful. The courthouse served as the statehouse from 1803 to 1810 and from 1812 to 1816. The building was razed in 1852 to make way for the present courthouse.
Address
2 N. Paint Street
Chillicothe, OH 45601
Location
NW corner of N. Paint Street and W. Main Street
Coordinates
Latitude: 39.333289, Longitude: -82.982330.
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